Hemp is among the oldest industries on the planet, going back
more than 10,000 years to the beginnings of pottery. The Columbia
History of the World states that the oldest relic of human industry
is a bit of hemp fabric dating back to approximately 8,000 BC.
2) Presidents Washington and Jefferson both grew
hemp. Americans were legally bound to grow hemp during the Colonial
Era and Early Republic. The federal government subsidized hemp
during the Second World War and U.S. farmers grew about a million
acres of hemp as part of that program.
Hemp Seed is nutritious and contains more essential fatty acids
than any other source, is second only to soybeans in complete
protein (but is more digestible by humans), is high in B-vitamins,
and is a good source of dietary fiber. Hemp seed is not psychoactive
and cannot be used as a drug. See http://www.TestPledge.com
The bark of the hemp stalk contains bast fibers, which are among
the Earth's longest natural soft fibers and are also rich in cellulose;
the cellulose and hemicellulose in its inner woody core are called
hurds. Hemp stalk is not psychoactive. Hemp fiber is longer, stronger,
more absorbent and more insulative than cotton fiber.
According to the Department of Energy, hemp as a biomass fuel
producer requires the least specialized growing and processing
procedures of all hemp products. The hydrocarbons in hemp can
be processed into a wide range of biomass energy sources, from
fuel pellets to liquid fuels and gas. Development of biofuels
could significantly reduce our consumption of fossil fuels and
Hemp grows well without herbicides, fungicides, or pesticides.
Almost half of the agricultural chemicals used on U.S. crops are
applied to cotton.
Hemp produces more pulp per acre than timber on a sustainable
basis, and can be used for every quality of paper. Hemp paper
manufacturing can reduce waste-water contamination. Hemp's low
lignin content reduces the need for acids used in pulping, and
it's creamy color lends itself to environmentally friendly bleaching
instead of harsh chlorine compounds. Less bleaching results in
less dioxin and fewer chemical by-products.
Hemp fiber paper resists decomposition, and does not yellow with
age when an acid-free process is used. Hemp paper more than 1,500
years old has been found. Hemp paper can also be recycled more
times than wood based paper.
Hemp fiberboard produced by Washington State University was found
to be twice as strong as wood-based fiberboard .
Eco-friendly hemp can replace most toxic petro-chemical products.
Research is being done to use hemp in manufacturing biodegradable
plastic products: plant-based cellophane, recycled plastic mixed
with hemp for injection-molded products, and resins made from
the oil, to name just a very few examples.
- Tasmania research trials began in 1995. Victoria commercial
production since1998. New South Wales has research. In 2002 Queensland
has a hemp industry including production of hempseed oil, medicinals
and Hanf magazine.
started to license research crops in 1994 on an experimental basis.
In addition to crops for fibre, one seed crop was experimentally
licensed in 1995. Many acres were planted in 1997. Licenses for
commercial agriculture saw thousands of acres planted in 1998.
30,000 acres planted in 1999. In 2000, due to speculative investing,12,250
acres were sown. In 2001 ninety-two farmers grew 3,250 acres.
A number of Canadian farmers are now growing organically certified
has grown hemp in the recent past for seed oil production.
is the largest exporter of hemp paper and textiles. The fabrics
are of excellent quality. (ma)
planted its first modern hemp trials in 1997. Committed to utilizing
had a resurgence of hemp in 1995 with several small test plots.
A seed variety for northern climates was developed: Finola, previously
know by the breeder code 'FIN-314'. In 2003, Finola was accepted
to the EU list of subsidized hemp cultivars. (hamppu)
harvested 10,000 tons in 1994. France is the main source of low-thc
producing hempseed. (chanvre)
only banned hemp in 1982, but research began in 1992 and many
technologies and products are being developed. Clothes and paper
are being made from imported raw materials. Germany lifted the
ban on growing hemp November, 1995. Mercedes and BMW use hemp
fiber for composites. (hanf)
BRITAIN lifted hemp prohibition in 1993. Animal bedding,
paper and textiles have been developed. A government grant was
given to develop new markets for natural fibers. 4,000 acres were
grown in 1994. Subsidies of $230 Eng. pounds per acre are given
by the govt. for growing.
is rebuilding their hemp industry, and is one of the biggest exporters
of hemp cordage, rugs and hemp fabric to the U.S. They also export
hemp seed and hemp paper. Fiberboard is also made. (kender)
has large stands of naturalized Cannabis and uses it for cordage,
textiles, and seed oil.
has a religious tradition requiring the Emperor wear hemp garments,
so there is a small plot maintained for the imperial family only.
They have a thriving retail market selling a variety of hemp products.
is conducting a four year study to evaluate and test hemp for
paper, and is developing processing equipment. Seed breeders are
developing new strains of low-thc varieties. (hennep)
ZEALAND started hemp trials in 2001. Various cultivars
are being planted in the North and South.
currently grows hemp for fabric and cordage and manufactures hemp
particle board. They have demonstrated the benefits of using hemp
to cleanse soils contaminated by heavy metals. (konopij)
was the largest commercial producer of hemp in Europe in the late
80's and early 90's. Total acreage in 1993 was 40,000 acres. Some
of it is exported to Hungary for processing. They also export
to Western Europe and the United States. (cinepa)
maintains the largest hemp germ plasm collection in the world
at the N.I. Vavilov Scientific Research Institute of Plant Industry
(VIR) in Saint Petersburg. They are in need of funds. (konoplya)
grows hemp and manufactures currency paper.
grows and exports hemp pulp for paper and produces rope and textiles.
is a producer of hemp and hosts one of the largest hemp events:
KOREA, PORTUGAL, THAILAND, and the UKRAINE also produce
- The United States granted the first hemp permit in over 40 years
to Hawaii for an experimental quarter acre plot in 1999. The license
has been renewed since. Importers and manufacturers have thrived
using imported raw materials. Twenty-two states in the United
States have introduced legislation. VT, HI, ND, MT, MN, IL, VA,
NM, CA, AR, KY, MD, WV have passed legislation for support, research,
or cultivation. The National Conference of State Legislators has
endorsed industrial hemp for years. See Vote Hemp - U.S. State Industrial Hemp Legislation
Chris Conrad, Hemp: Lifeline to the Future
Jack Frazier, The Great American Hemp Industry
Hemptech, Industrial Hemp and Hemp Horizons
Dr. Brooks Kelly
These items produced
by HIA member companies are just a small sample from the huge wealth
of possible items that can be manufactured from Hemp.
aprons, back packs, bags, belts, caps, eyeglass cases, jewelry,
hair ties, hats, hip packs, scarves, shawls, shoe laces, shoes,
socks, ties, wallets.
Apparel: baby clothes, bathing suits, children's clothes,
coats, dresses, jackets, jeans, lingerie, overalls, pants, shirts,
shorts, skirts, suits, sweaters.
Cosmetics: hair conditioners, lip balms, lotions, massage
oils, salves, shampoos, soaps.
Foods: beer, burgers, candy, coffees, cheese, cookies, dry
cookie and pancake mixes, flour, oil, pretzels, roasted seeds, salad
Household Furnishings: blankets, candles, carpets, coffee
filters, dish towels, napkins, placemats, rugs.
Paper: art papers, bond, bookmarks, books, cigarette papers,
corrugated board, envelopes, invitations, journals, magazines, stationery.
Publications: books, magazines, newspapers, research papers.
Raw Hemp: bast fiber, batting (tow) & sliver for industry
& craft use, hurds, seeds.
Services: consulting, Internet support, networking, research
Sports Equipment: frisbees, hacky sacks, skateboards, snowboards,
Spun Hemp: cordage, embroidery thread, rope, twine, webbing,
Textiles: hand woven & mill loomed fabrics - blended silks
to canvas, various weights & textures, colors, patterns, stripes
& plaids; finishing services.
Other: animal leashes & collars, dog treats, diesel fuel,
drums, tool bags, toys, fiber board.